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Explanation of the Phase Anomalies of Water
· Water has unusually high melting point
· Water has unusually high boiling point
· Water has unusually high critical point
· Solid water exists in a wider variety of stable (and metastable) crystal and amorphous structures than other materials
· The thermal conductivity of ice reduces with increasing pressure
· The structure of liquid water changes at high pressure
· Supercooled water has two phases and a second critical point at about -91°C
· Liquid water is easily supercooled but glassified with difficulty
· Liquid water exists at very low temperatures and freezes on heating
· Liquid water may be easily superheated
· Hot water may freeze faster than cold water; the Mpemba effect
· Warm water vibrates longer than cold water

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